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Dr. Bass
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(714) 939-9202
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Dr. Bass
Vision Center

15068 Goldenwest
(714) 898-5631
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LAGUNA NIGUEL
Dr. Henslick
Vision Center

27451B La Paz Rd.
(949) 643-2020
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Del Amo
Optometry

4505 Sepulveda Blvd
(310) 792-2020
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What is Strabismus?
Strabismus is a visual problem in which the eyes are not aligned properly and point in different directions. One eye may look straight ahead, while the other eye turns inward, outward, upward or downward. The eye turn may be constant, or it may come and go. Which eye is straight (and which is misaligned) may switch or alternate.

 
Esotropia
 
Exotropia
 
Hypertropia
 

Strabismus is a common condition among children. About 4 percent of all children in the United States have strabismus. It can also occur later in life.

Strabismus occurs equally in males and females. It may run in families; however, many people with strabismus have no relatives with the problem.

The exact cause of strabismus is not fully understood. In some cases, strabismus may be due to problems with the muscles controlling eye movement.

Six eye muscles that control eye movement are attached to the outside of each eye. In each eye, one muscle moves in the eye to the right, and one muscle moves the eye to the left. The other four muscles move it up or down and at an angle.

To line up and focus both eyes on a single target, all of the muscles in each eye must be balanced and working together. In order for the eyes to move together, the muscles in both eyes must be coordinated. The brain controls these muscles.

 

With normal vision, both eyes aim at the same spot. The brain then combines the two pictures into a single, three-dimensional image. This three-dimensional image gives us depth perception.

When one eye is out of alignment, two different pictures are sent to the brain. In a young child, the brain learns to ignore the image of the misaligned eye and sees only the image from the straight or better-seeing eye. The child then loses depth perception.

Adults who develop strabismus often have double vision because their brains have already learned to receive images from both eyes and cannot ignore the image from the turned eye. A child generally does not see double.

In some cases, strabismus may result from problems in the brain. Sometimes, a child’s brain may not be correctly combining the two images it receives from the eyes. In rare cases, a tumor may affect how the brain processes visual information. Often children experience strabismus as a result of problems that can be easily treated with glasses.

 

 

 
 
Del Amo Vision Center Torrance 4505 Sepulveda BLVD Torrance, CA 90505 Phone: (310) 792-2020 Fax: (310) 792-2021
Dr. Bass Vision Center Orange 130 S Main Street Suite F Orange, CA 92868 Phone: (714) 939-9202 Fax: (714) 939-0356
Dr. Bass Vision Center Westminster 15068 Goldenwest Street Westminster, CA 92683 Phone: (714) 898-5631 Fax: (714) 898-4771
Dr. Henslick Vision Center Laguna Niguel 27451 La Paz Rd Suite B Laguna Niguel, CA 92677 Phone: (949) 643-2020 Fax: (949) 643-9061

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